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Definitives 1906-1920Recess printed by the American Bank Note Company, New York. Line perf. 12.
First and Second Order
Foreign Postage (July 28, 1906)The twelve values in gold currency (centimes de piastre) for foreign postage were issued on July 28, 1906. Soon after mid-1907, the government ordered another batch of the foreign series, which was actually produced immediately but could not be delivered to Haiti because the government had no money to pay for it. This second edition, reportedly printed on whiter paper, is so similar to the first that no effort is made here to distinguish between the two. Just a few months after it finally arrived from New York in 1908, a revolution broke out against Nord Alexis in November 1908 under Antoine Simon, which forced Nord Alexis to leave Haiti under French protection in the first days of December, whereupon on December 18, 1908 Simon was elected president. Therefore, the second edition of the foreign series was used almost exclusively under A. T. Simon, the opponent and successor of North Alexis, although no less than three main values show the half-length portrait of the old president.
Domestic Postage (1906)The domestic series (in centimes de gourde) seems to have started a little later than the foreign series. Its two lower values were already used up after mid-1907, while the two higher values were used so little that in 1908 it was decided to only have the two lowest values of the domestic series produced in future. For the two strongly needed values of 1 and 2c de gourde, however, in contrast to the foreign series, no order of a new edition in New York was placed in 1907, but they were produced from autumn 1907 to around mid-1908 by overprinting the (still existing) remnants of the 1904 regular edition.
Foreign Postage (1910–1913)The freshly-installed Simon government immediately ordered a new complete foreign series in New York in 1909. For financial reasons it was to be printed from the existing plates, but at the same time replacing the half-length portrait of Nord Alexis with that of A. Simon on the values of 2, 5 and 20c de piastre, and the remaining values in changed colors. Only the 1c de piastre value was printed again in 1909 in solid green, so that the 1c stamp was the only one from the foreign series in 1906 that saw three printings. This third edition reportedly differs from the others by its slightly lighter green, but a reliable identification is difficult.
When the new order arrived in Haiti it was discovered that due to an oversight all values in changed colors were still showing the old millésime 1906 instead of 1909. Initially, it was decided to not issue these at all, but all stamps were eventually released out of necessity between 1911 and 1913.
Domestic Postage (1910)It was not until 1909 that the Simon government ordered new domestic stamps for 1 and 2c (at the same time as the new foreign series, see above), whose 1c stamp now had the half-length portrait of A. T. Simon instead that of Nord Alexis, while the 2c stamp (just like the foreign stamps) was printed in a different color. For the same reason as the foreign stamps in changed colors, the yellow 2c stamp was initially held back, but due to the high demand of domestic 2c stamps it was released in late 1910, i.e. even before any of the foreign stamps in changed colors.
‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1914)
‘Gl. O. Z. 1 Cent de Piastre’ Surcharge (1914)
‘1’ Surcharge (1915–1916)
‘S 2 D’ Surcharge (1917)The letters “S D” are the initials of President Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave (* April 6, 1862 in Anse-à-Veau, † Juli 26, 1926 in Anse-à-Veau), first president under the United States occupation of Haiti.
‘1 ct. Gourde’ Surcharge (1917–1919)
‘2 cts. Gourde’ Surcharge (1917–1919)
‘5 cts GOURDE’ Surcharge (1917–1919)
‘1 1 1 1 CT GOURDE’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919)
‘2 cts. Gourde’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919)
‘3 cts Gourde’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919–1920)
‘5 5 5 5 CT GOURDE’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919)
‘5 cts GOURDE’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919–1920)
‘5 cts PIASTRE’ Surcharge on ‘Gl. O. Z.’ Overprint (1919–1920)